Today in this article we shall discuss with you about Compound Words in English in detail. In the earlier post you have read about Consonant in detail.
List of Compound Words with Different Types
One major grammatical point when speaking, reading or writing in English are compound words. What are compound words? We are going to look at what these words are and how they are formed, as well as looking at some examples of these types of words.
What is a Compound Word?
In simple terms, a compound word is a word which is made up of two or more words, usually two words, which are put together to form a new meaning, for example ‘deck chair.’
कंपाउंड वर्ड्स –
Compound words can fall into one of two categories, each of which has subcategories. Let’s take a closer look at these two types.
Words classified by their form
The first type are compound words which are classified by their form. There are three forms of comp. words, these are open form, closed form and hyphenated form. Here is a short description of each of these forms to make them easier to understand. Each description will also have an example of the word used in a sentence.
Open form compound words are two words which are written independently of one another, separated by a space. An example of this type of comp. word would be ‘ice cream.’ Here you can see it used in a sentence ‘I brought an ice cream from the store.’
Closed form compound words are two words which have been joined together to make a new word, they are not separated by a space and are written one right after the other. An example of this type of comp. word is ‘snowman.’ Here you can see the word used in a sentence. ‘At Christmas time, when it snowed, we built a snowman.’
A hyphenated compound word is two words which are put together and separated by a hyphen. An example of this type of comp. word is ’empty-handed.’ This is an example of how the word would look in a sentence. ‘I entered the competition but I came home empty-handed as I did not win.’
Words classified by their class
The next category that compound words can fall into is the word class. There are three subcategories for this type of compound word as well. These are compound verbs, compound adjective and compound nouns. Here is a short description of each of these types of compound words and some examples to further explain how they word both on their own and in a sentence.
Compound verbs are words which describe an action. Unlike a regular verb, a compound verb is made up of two words. Compound verbs are usually open formed. An example of a compound verb is ‘ask for.’ Here you can see the word used in a sentence. ‘I like to regularly ask for updates on the project.’
Compound adjectives are words which are descriptive. Unlike a regular adjective, a compound adjective is made of two words. Compound adjectives are usually hyphenated. An example of a compound adjective is ‘blue-eyed.’ Here is a sentence which contains the word to show how it would work. ‘My wife and daughter are both blue-eyed.‘
Compound nouns are words which give a name to something. Unlike regular nouns, a compound noun is made up of two words. Compound nouns are usually closed form. An example of a compound noun is ‘apple tree.’ Here is an example of a sentence which contains this compound verb. ‘In the orchard we have several apple trees and one large oak.’
We will now list a variety of words from each of the classifications and subcategories of compound words.
Open Form Compound Words-
Closed Form Compound Words
Hyphenated Form Compound Words
add up to
come down with
get away with
give in to
keep on top of