Compound Words

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Compound Words
Compound Words

Today in this article we shall discuss with you about Compound Words in English in detail. In the earlier post you have read about Consonant  in detail.

Compound Words:-

 List of Compound Words with Different Types

One major grammatical point when speaking, reading or writing in English are compound words. What are compound words? We are going to look at what these words are and how they are formed, as well as looking at some examples of these types of words.

What is a Compound Word?

In simple terms, a compound word is a word which is made up of two or more words, usually two words, which are put together to form a new meaning, for example ‘deck chair.’

 Examples:-

help desk

hot dog

bookstore

classmate

queen-size

one-sided

well-educated

कंपाउंड वर्ड्स –

Types –

Compound words can fall into one of two categories, each of which has subcategories. Let’s take a closer look at these two types.

Words classified by their form

The first type are compound words which are classified by their form. There are three forms of comp. words, these are open form, closed form and hyphenated form. Here is a short description of each of these forms to make them easier to understand. Each description will also have an example of the word used in a sentence.

Open form compound words are two words which are written independently of one another, separated by a space. An example of this type of comp. word would be ‘ice cream.’ Here you can see it used in a sentence ‘I brought an ice cream from the store.’

Closed form compound words are two words which have been joined together to make a new word, they are not separated by a space and are written one right after the other. An example of this type of comp. word is ‘snowman.’ Here you can see the word used in a sentence. ‘At Christmas time, when it snowed, we built a snowman.’

A hyphenated compound word is two words which are put together and separated by a hyphen. An example of this type of comp. word is ’empty-handed.’ This is an example of how the word would look in a sentence. ‘I entered the competition but I came home empty-handed as I did not win.’

Words classified by their class

The next category that compound words can fall into is the word class. There are three subcategories for this type of compound word as well. These are compound verbs, compound adjective and compound nouns. Here is a short description of each of these types of compound words and some examples to further explain how they word both on their own and in a sentence.

Compound verbs are words which describe an action. Unlike a regular verb, a compound verb is made up of two words. Compound verbs are usually open formed. An example of a compound verb is ‘ask for.’ Here you can see the word used in a sentence. ‘I like to regularly ask for updates on the project.’

Compound adjectives are words which are descriptive. Unlike a regular adjective, a compound adjective is made of two words. Compound adjectives are usually hyphenated. An example of a compound adjective is ‘blue-eyed.’ Here is a sentence which contains the word to show how it would work. ‘My wife and daughter are both blue-eyed.‘

Compound nouns are words which give a name to something. Unlike regular nouns, a compound noun is made up of two words. Compound nouns are usually closed form. An example of a compound noun is ‘apple tree.’ Here is an example of a sentence which contains this compound verb. ‘In the orchard we have several apple trees and one large oak.’

List –

We will now list a variety of words from each of the classifications and subcategories of compound words.

Open Form Compound Words-

full moon

living room

dining room

curtain rail

deck chair

tea cup

dinner plate

serving spoon

clothes peg

dance hall

seat belt

coffee grain

ice cube

ice cream

real estate

yard sale

hand towel

cell phone

high school

middle school

grammar school

elementary school

car pool

course work

disc drive

common sense

key pal

jumping jack

energy bar

help desk

hot dog

dirt bike

landing field

radio waves

rib cage

memory stick

report card

Closed Form Compound Words

windfall

baseball

worldwide

southeast

sailboat

railway

stockbroker

snowman

birthday

wildcat

football

peanut

afternoon

anytime

blackboard

bookstore

classmate

eyeball

freelance

gridlock

hamburger

jigsaw

knighthood

lipstick

moonlight

overkill

pothole

runway

showoff

strawberry

uptown

uproot

wrongdoing

workplace

workshop

underdog

today

springtime

somehow

rainbow

redhead

rattlesnake

playground

overpass

Hyphenated Form Compound Words

able-bodied

runner-up

clean-cut

follow-up

high-tech

close-up

father-in-law

king-size

queen-size

one-sided

run-in

self-concept

tip-off

word-of-mouth

self-service

three-dimensional

well-to-do

hush-hush

strong-arm

x-ray

toss-up

well-being

shrink-wrap

u-turn

topsy-turvy

single-minded

merry-go-round

short-tempered

on-site

off-site

life-sized

in-depth

Compound Verbs

blow up

ask out

blow out

add up to

break down

break up

break into

bring down

call back

call around

call off

catch up

check in

cheer up

come apart

come down with

come about

come around

count on

cross out

come in

do over

drop back

drop in

drop down

eat out

end up

fall apart

fall back

fall over

fall down

fill out

fill up

find out

get along

get across

get in

get out

get over

get back

get away with

give up

give away

give in to

go ahead

go after

go around

go back

go into

grow up

grow back

grow apart

hang out

keep up

keep on top of

let down

log in

log out

look for

look out

make up

make over

pass away

pass on

pay back

point out

put down

put away

put back

run out

run into

sort out

sleep over

sleep in

switch on

switch off

take back

take off

think up

think over

Compound Adjectives

good-looking

long-lasting

English-speaking

well-known

part-time

middle-aged

well-behaved

well looked-after

long-haired

sparsely-populated

well-educated

dimly-lit

sought-after

mouth-watering

fast-moving

time-saving

fat-free

full-length

world-famous

five-foot

brown-eyed

blonde-haired

open-minded

closed-minded

red-coloured

five-minute

short-tempered

hot-headed

small-minded

well-behaved

hard-working

Compound Nouns

eyeball

snowman

heartbeat

sunrise

raindrop

moonlight

myself

grandfather

grandmother

grandchild

anymore

goldfish

skateboard

seaside

sunshine

sunset

lifespan

friendship

gentleman

cowboy

birthday

bookshelf

battelfield

chopstick

dishwasher

dishwater

haircut

earring

landlord

necklace

bypass

notebook

houseboat

pancake

ladybug

ringworm

thunderstorm

teardrop

teacake

headache

backache

doorbell

toolbox