Mathematical Symbols

Today in this article we shall discuss with you about Mathematical Symbols in detail.
In the earlier post you have read about Shortcut Keys for Computer in detail.

Mathematical Symbols-

 Useful List of Math Symbols in English

Learn useful Mathematical symbols (equal sign ‘=’, not equal sign ‘≠’, approximately equal sign ‘≈’…) with  examples. In English, there are certain symbols, which are used in math and each of these has a name.

It is very useful to be able to recall the names of these symbols.
This will greatly assist you in your conversation and especially when looking at written English.
Perhaps you are a student,  these math symbols will be extremely handy to have in your arsenal.
Not only that, but by being able to state the names of these symbols, you will begin to sound more like a native speaker.

List of Mathematics Symbols-






6.Strict inequality







13.Material equivalence

14.Material implication


16.Empty set

17.Triangle or delta

Mathematical Symbols-

18.For all

19.Pi constant






25.Square root




29.Line segment


31.Right angle



34.Braces (grouping)


36.Parentheses (grouping)

मैथ के चिह्न उदाहरण सहित –

Learn these Math symbols with examples to improve your Math vocabulary in English.

No.- 1. Addition

–  Read as: Plus/ Add

Example: “Three plus three equals six.” (3 + 3 = 6)

No.- 2.Subtraction

–  Read as: Minus

Example: “Three minus one equals two.” (3 – 1 = 2)

No.- 3.Multiplication

–  Read as: Times/ Multiplied by

Example: “Four multiplied by five is twenty.” (4 x 5 = 20)

No.- 4.Division

–  Read as: Divided by

Example: “Nine divided by three is three.” (9 : 3 = 3)

No.- 5.Plus-minus

–  Read as: Plus or minus

Example: “Three plus or minus two equals five or one.” (3 ± 2 = 5 or 1)

No.- 6.Strict inequality

–  Read as: Is greater than

Example: “Three is greater than two.” (3 > 2)

–  Read as: Is less than

Example: “Two is less than three.” (2 < 3)

No.- 7.Equality

–  Read as: Is equal to

Example: “Four is equal to three plus one.” (4 = 3 + 1)

No.- 8.Inequation

–  Read as: Is not equal to

Example: “Four is not equal to three.” (4 ≠ 3)

No.- 9.Tilde

–  Read as: Is similar to

No.- 10.Congruence

–  Read as: Is congruent to

No.- 11.Infinity

–  Read as: Infinity

No.- 12.Inequality

–  Read as: Is greater than or equals

Example: “a is greater than or equal to b.” (a ≥ b)

–  Read as: Is less than or equals

Example: “a is less than or equal to b.” (a ≤  b)

No.- 13.Material equivalence

–  Read as: Is equivalent to

No.- 14.Material implication

–  Read as: Implies

No.- 15.Theta

–  Read as: Theta

No.-  16.Empty set

–  Read as: Empty set

No.- 17.Triangle or delta

–  Read as: Triangle/ Delta

No.- 18.For all

–  Read as: For all

No.- 19.Pi constant

Read as: Pi

No.- 20.Integral

Read as: Integral

Mathematical Symbols-

No.- 21.Intersection

Read as: Intersection of two sets

No.- 22.Union

Read as: Union of two sets

No.- 23.Factorial

Read as: Factorial

No.- 24.Therefore

Read as: Therefore

No.- 25.Square root

–  Read as: Square root of

No.- 26.Perpendicular

Read as: Is perpendicular to

No.- 27.Exists

Read as: Exists


Read as: Percent

No.- 29.Line

–  Read as: Line AB

No.- 30.Line segment

–  Read as: Segment AB

No.- 31.Ray

–  Read as: Ray AB

No.- 32.Right angle

–  Read as: Right angle

No.- 33.Angle

–  Read as: Angle

No.- 34.Summation

–  Read as: Sum of/ Sigma

No.- 35.Braces (grouping)

–  Read as: Braces

No.- 36.Brackets

–  Read as: Brackets

No.- 37.Parentheses (grouping)

–  Read as: Parentheses

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About the author

Jagminder Singh